Jepara, the World Carving Center



The wooden handcrafted carving making has long been of jepara culture, centuries history record during back to the seventh centuries the abundance of handcrafted carving in jepara central java and the group of skilled carpentry who used the timber for the kalingga, majapahit, demak and mataram kingdom.

Jepara carver and furniture maker absorbed the influences of Chinese, Indian, Arabic, European designs,producing to this day intricate design and highly sought items. The seventeenth century port of Jepara, once a bustling centre of maritime commerce, remains today a major of handcrafted items and furniture.

In 1700,Quen Kalinyamat encouraged the worker to produce the high quality wooden handcrafted furniture for international trade as did the Indonesian heroine , Kartini, who helped promoted jeparanesse handcrafted item to European with whom she market and steady orders.

Jepara citizen depend on the sustainability of wooden industries,the carving is part of jepara culture.  Wood carving is an art form a picture or motif on surface wood by forming a basin on the object. The end result, an image or wanted to create motifs formed by the notches are. This basin which we are familiar with the name engraved. Usually carved motif brings a unique themes. There are several motifs carved by region, sperti Jepara motif, Madura, pajajaran motifs,etc. In fact some are imitating the style of indentation fembers beautiful curved-arch, the cosmos or many other themes. Determination of the theme is entirely dependent on a artisant. Equipment needed to form a work of sculpture kay is quite simple such as saws, crabs, and most importantly hammer chisels. Carving Techniques Natural archipelago with rich tropical forests timber that can be used as base material of wood sculpture. Carving is the activity of scraping, chiseling, and incise patterns on the carved surface. In Indonesia, the work of carving has been known since the younger stone age. In those days a lot of tools made from stone such as home furnishings and objects of pottery or wood. They were given a geometric-patterned carvings, such as tumpal, circles, lines, swastika, zig zag, and triangles. Generally such carvings as decoration but also contains symbolic and religious significance. There are several types of carvings include carved translucent (krawangan), low carving, carving high (arise), and carvings intact. Carving artwork has a variety of functions including :

a. Decorative functions, namely engraving made solely for decoration and have no particular meaning.

b. Magical functions, namely carving containing certain symbols and serves as a magical object associated with the beliefs and     spiritual

c. Symbolic function, namely that in addition to traditional carving as decoration also serve to symbolize certain things related       to the spiritual.

d. Construction function, namely that in addition to carving as decoration also serves as a supporter of building

e. Economic function, ie engraving which serves to increase the selling value of an object.


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